A large number of pregnant women experience vomiting and nausea, something very common especially during the first trimester of pregnancy. The rapid elevation of the levels of the HCG hormone is usually the cause of these discomforts.
If these symptoms were extreme, we would be talking about the hyperemesis gravidarum or dehydration from nausea in pregnancy. It extends beyond the first trimester and it can be very serious for both the future mother and the baby being able to trigger a premature birth.
Hyperemesis gravidarum occurs when nausea is so constant that it can lead to dehydration in the pregnant woman, among other symptoms, they are these:
1- Dehydration: is the loss or lack of fluid in the body that prevents it from working properly.
2- Weightloss: in pregnancy, weight loss for no apparent reason is a reason to consult an obstetrician.
3- Dizziness and weaknessDizziness is another nuisance in pregnancy, but if it is frequent and constant, it can be a symptom of hyperemesis gravidarum.
4- Severe headaches: migraines or headaches also usually occur during pregnancy, if these are persistent, it is advisable to consult.
5- Severe and persistent nauseaNausea is accompanied by severe vomiting and can lead to dehydration in pregnancy.
6- Constipation: a very uncomfortable nuisance for the pregnant woman.
7- Imbalance metabolic and electrolyte.
8- Decreased urinary frequency- A consequence of dehydration is a lack of urination.
10- Disgust with food and rejection of certain foods.
Medical specialists can administer medications to control vomiting and nausea. Before dehydration it is necessary that the future mother receives fluids and nutrients through a vein.
If the patient does not manage to nourish adequately, she can receive the nutrients she needs through a route and combat dehydration with bed rest.
Experts recommend that a pregnant woman with these disorders eat and drink when she feels well in small but frequent amounts.
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